According to the passage of time, we can classify different kinds of yoga into two sections:
🧘♂️Traditional Indian Yoga.
Human desires are unlimited and human wants can never be fulfilled. If one wish is fulfilled, then ten more needs and wants appear. In this way, due to desires and dissatisfaction, new theories, ideas, discoveries etc. have been invented and modern yoga too is a result of that same search.
1. MODERN YOGA
Ariel Yoga, Anahat Yoga, Ananda Yoga, Anusara Yoga, Ashtanga Viniyasa Yoga, Bikram Yoga, Integral Yoga, Cardiac Yoga, Cheyaar Yoga, lyengar Yoga, Dhyan Yoga, Kripalu Yoga, Krishnamachaarya Yoga, Kriya Yoga, Pranath Yoga, Power Yoga, Sahaj Yoga, Yin/Yang Yoga the list goes on.
2. INDIAN TRADITIONAL YOGA
Ashtanga Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Hatha Yoga, karma Yoga, Kriya Yoga, Laya Yoga, Japa Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Raj Yoga, Gyaan Yoga, Natya Yoga, Purna Yoga, Mantra Yoga.
As you can see there are many types of yoga, but the point to note is that no matter how many kinds of yoga there are.
the base of all yoga is from Hatha Yoga
The first teacher of yoga is considered to be the Great Lord Shiva, Shri Ashutosh Bholenathaji, who while giving the knowledge of yoga to Mother Parvati, did a great service to mankind. The teachings of yoga are still continuing to this day through the ‘Natha’ Tradition.
When The Great Lord Bholenathaji was giving the teachings to Mother Parvati, fortunately a fish in the river nearby heard the discourse and learned the teachings by heart. A pure child was born of this fish, who became famous with the name of Shri Matsyendranatha.
He was born a pure, perfect being who gained all of the knowledge from the great Lord in the womb itself. This knowledge of yoga was passed on to and gifted to the great Shri Gorakhnathaji.
In this way, the great knowledge and tradition of Hatha Yoga has continued from the golden time of Lord Bholenath and has become a gift of life, not just for mankind but for all living forms.
THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF POPULAR YOGA that we find today are just different variations of Hatha Yoga. As time goes by, we will find that these timeless teachings of yoga will never lose their value and will go on forever.
In fact, the attraction towards yoga has grown due to the teachings of modern yoga; as the teachings of yoga have spread all over the world leaving its wonderful effect, the name of India will remain immortal forever.
But there is nothing greater in this world than tradition😃
Today, India is famous all over the world only because of its rich ongoing tradition. India has given the great Indian traditions of Yoga.
Vedas and Vedantas, Upanishads etc to the whole world, and this is the reason why today, millions of people around the world throng to India, to learn and understand through this great rich heritage and bring salvation into their lives.
The power and strength that can be gained from tradition cannot be gained through modernity, because in modernity a man can be famous, but his fame will end with his death and so will his teachings. But the knowledge and learning gained from traditional and ancient teachings will live forever showing the right path to the world for eons.
Now we will discuss the FOUR MAIN PART OF YOGA:
1. Mantra Yoga
‘Mannat Trayate id Mantra, its repetition brings peace, change, safety, freedom, and negativity changes into positivity, that is mantra. In the Hindu faith, the repetition of ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ is commonly heard.
Other faiths have their own mantras, like the Muslim brothers have, ‘La Illah’, The Buddhist chant ‘Om Mani Padme Hum’ is known worldwide. Whichever is the way of one’s faith, one chants mantras and allows the high blessed beings to bless them. Repetition of mantras has a unique effect and that is why it has been kept as a part of Yoga.🧘♀️
2. Laya Yoga
THE MEANING OF LAYA IS RHYTHM, also called Naad or Anhanaad; when the mind follows the pure sound, one gains that rhythm. Just as when salt is mixed in water it loses its own form and becomes one with water, in the same way when the mind becomes one with the inner sound, the merging with one’s true form takes place, and this merging is known as Laya.
3. Hatha Yoga:
Hatha Yoga will be discussed in detail in the Kundalini Section. But to summarise we could say that ‘That’ is the left breath and ‘Ha’ is the right breath.
With the practice of pranayama when we are able to seperate these flows, then we open the door to an important nadi, the Sushumna Nadi. Once the pranic flow enters the Sushumna, it goes straight to the Crown Chakra by piercing the chakras and muses with the Great Lord Shiva. This is the main goal of Hatha Yoga.
4. Raja Yoga
The other name for Raja Yoga is Samadhi. The last stage of Hatha Yoga is the beginning of Raja Yoga. If we do not practice Raja Yoga, it is said in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika:
Rajayoga bina Prithvi Rajayog a bina nisha
Rajayog bina mudra vichitraapi na shobhate
If we do not reach the state of Raja Yoga then ‘Rajayoga bina Prithvi’, without asanas, Nisha without pranayam and mudras; meaning that the practice of asanas, pranayama, mudras etc without Raja Yoga will go to vein and our efforts will not be glorified. To move from the material world to the high state of Samadhi is not an easy task, the path of the seeker is laden with temptations of wealth and luxury✨